Physiology

Physiology


Paper 1

General physiology

  1. Gap junction
  2. homeostasis
  3. osmosis
  4. Transport across Plasma Membrane

Cardiovascular system

  1. ECG
  2. Cardiac cycle
  3. Heart sounds
  4. factors affecting heart sounds
  5. Factors affecting cardiac output
  6. Venous return
  7. Regulation of blood preasure
  8. heart block

Excreatory syatem

  1. Micturation reflex
  2. Juxtra glomerular apperatus
  3. Vasa racta
  4. NEphron
  5. Glomerulus
  6. function of skin
  7. Regulation of temperature
  8. shevering mechanism
  9. Functions of kidney
  10. counter current mechanism

Blood

  1. Erythropoesis
  2. Factors affecting erythropoesis
  3. Anemia classification
  4. Functions of blood
  5. Function of plasma protein
  6. Erythroblastosis fetalis
  7. Mismatch blood transfuaion
  8. Coagulation pathway
  9. functions of platelate
  10. functions of wbc

Respiratory system

  1. Hypoxia
  2. Surfectent
  3. respiratory distress syndrome
  4. Intra plural pressure
  5. Lung compliance
  6. Oxygen hemoglobin dissociation curve
  7. Mountain sickness
  8. Vital capasity
  9. Cynosis
  10. decompression sic

Paper 2

CNS

  1. Function of hypothalamus
  2. Function of basal ganglia
  3. Parkinsonism / applied of basal ganglia/ paralysis agitens
  4. Function of cerebellum
  5. Syneps classification
  6. Function of synepse/ EpSp / ipsp
  7. Pyramidal tracts
  8. Tracts of gall and burdach
  9. Lateral and anterior spinothalamic tract
  10. Wallerian degrneration
  11. EEG
  12. Sleep type
  13. analgesic pathway
  14. Difference between upper motor neuron lesion and lower motor neuron lesion

Gastrointestinal system

  1. Function of saliva
  2. Function of gastric juice
  3. Phases of gastric juice secration
  4. Sucssus entricus
  5. functions of bile
  6. digetion and absorption of carbohydrates
  7. peptic ulcer
  8. gastrin
  9. functions of pancreatic juice
  10. Peristalis / movement of intestine

Endocrine system

  1. Groth hormone / dwarfism
  2. Oxytosin / milk ejection reflex
  3. Adh / diabetes insipidus
  4. Insulin / diabetes malitus
  5. Thyroxine / goiter / cretinism / myxidema
  6. cortisol / Cushing’s syndrome / Addison’s disease
  7. Parathroid hormone
  8. aldosteron
  9. regulation of calcium metabolism
  10. mechanism of action of hormone

Reproductive system

  1. Testosterone Function
  2. spermatogenesis
  3. Menstrual cycle
  4. Ovulation
  5. Functions of placenta
  6. Puberty

Special sence

  1. Organ of corti
  2. Lisions of visual pathway
  3. Refractory errors
  4. Test buds
  5. Test pathway
  6. Impadance matching
  7. hearing tests
  8. color blindness

Nerve muscle physiology

  1. Action potential
  2. Sarcomear
  3. Rigor mortis
  4. mysthenia gravis
  5. Tetany
  6. Exitation contraction coupling
  7. Refractory errors