Biochemistry

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Biochemistry


Paper 1

General Biochemistry

  1. Difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes
  2. Mitochondria
  3. Plasma membrane
  4. Transpot across plasma membrane

Enzyme

  1. Classification of enzyme
  2. Isoenzyme
  3. factors affecting enzyme activity
  4. coenzyme
  5. Enzyme Inhibition

Protein

  1. protein classification
  2. Protein structure
  3. Denaturation of protein
  4. Plasma protein
  5. Albumin
  6. Imunnoglobulin

Carbohydrates

  1. Classification of carbohydrates
  2. Disachharides
  3. Homopolysacheride
  4. Mucopolysachcarides/ hetropolysacheride 

Fast

  1. Classification of lipids
  2. Essential fatty acids
  3. Pufa (poly unsaturated fatty acid)
  4. Phospholipids

Mineral Metabolism

  1. Iron metabolism
  2. Calcium metabolism
  3. Copper Metabolism
  4. Zink Metabolism

Genetics

  1. Nucleotides
  2. Dna structure
  3. T- rna structure

Hemoglobin

  1. Hemoglobin structure
  2. Sickle cell hemoglobin
  3. Thalassemia

Vitamin

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Wald’s visual cycle
  3. Vitamin D
  4. Vitamin C
  5. Beriberi / Vitamin B1
  6. Pellagra / Niacin
  7. Vit B12
  8. Folic Acid

Acid Base Balance

  1. Metabolic acidosis
  2. Metabolic alkalosis
  3. Buffer system
  4. blood buffers
  5. Renal and respiratory mechanism for Regulation of PH

Paper 2

Carbohydrates

  1. Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates
  2. glycolysis
  3. Tca cycle
  4. Hmp shunt pathway
  5. Gluconeogenesis
  6. Glycogen synthesis
  7. Glycogenolysis
  8. Glycogen storage Disease

Fat

  1. beta oxydation of fatty acid
  2. Ketonuria
  3. Lipoprotein
  4. Fatty liver
  5. Prostaglandins
  6. Digestion and absorption of lipids  

Protein

  1. Transamination
  2. Urea cycle
  3. Phynyl ketonuria
  4. Alkaptonuria
  5. One carbon Metabolism
  6. Albinism
  7. Mappel Serup Urine Disease

Hemoglobin

  1. Porphyria
  2. Jaundice

Genetics

  1. dna replication
  2. Mutation
  3. Genetic code
  4. Transcription
  5. Post transcriptional Modification
  6. Translation
  7. Post translational Modification
  8. polymerase chain reaction
  9. Recombinent dna technology

Purin Metabolism

  1. Salvage pathway
  2. Lesch nyhan syndrome
  3. Gout

Organ Function Test

  1. Liver finction test
  2. Renal function test
  3. GFR

Nutrition

  1. Dietery fibers
  2. BMR
  3. Protein energy Malnutrrition

Clinical Biochemistry

  1. Jaundice
  2. GTT ( glucose tolerance test)
  3. Diabetes ( iddm and niddm)
  4. Tumer markers

Others

  1. Air pollution
  2. Electrophoresis
  3. Radioisotopes.